What the Pope and religious leaders have the political power in the fifteenth century / sixtenth century?
During the 15th century and renaissance/14th Italian What role religion plays in politics. What the Pope and / or religious figures have a certain political power during this period?
Most of the popes of that era had a lot of energy. They control vast wealth and could affect other state leaders threatening to excommunicate and milder methods, such as approving or rejecting marriage and annulments. States also control and direct armies in Italy, which was probably the richest nation in Europe at that time.
Phir Wahi Dil Laya Hoon(1963)Janeh Jana Yaad Karogeh
Squires, Knights, Barons, Kings: War and Politics in Fifteenth Century England by Wm E. Baumgaertner (2009-12-08)
Cuckoldry, Impotence And Adultery In Europe (15th-17th Century)
In Renaissance and early modern Europe, various constellations of phenomena-ranging from sex scandals to legal debates to flurries of satirical prints-collectively demonstrate, at different times and places, an increased concern with cuckoldry, impotence and adultery. This concern emerges in unusual events (such as scatological rituals of house-scorning), appears in neglected sources (such as drawings by Swiss mercenary soldier-artists), and engages innovative areas of inquiry (such as the intersection between medical theory and Renaissance comedy). Interdisciplinary analytical tools are here deployed to scrutinize court scandals and decipher archival documents. Household recipes, popular literary works and a variety of visual media are examined in the light of contemporary sexual culture and contextualized with reference to current social and political issues. The essays in this volume reveal the central importance of sexuality and sexual metaphor for our understanding of European history, politics and culture, and emphasize the extent to which erotic presuppositions underpinned the early modern world.